Supplement to the Akkadian Dictionaries (eSAD)

Akkadian (Babylonian-Assyrian), a Semitic language written in the cuneiform script, was the native language of Babylonia and Assyria, the two main areas of Ancient Mesopotamia. It spread all over the Ancient Near East and was used, at least in written form and during certain periods, also from Elam in southwest Iran to Anatolia Syria, Palestine and even Egypt in the west. Written from ca. 2600 BC to the 1st century AD, Akkadian is one of the best attested languages of antiquity: the size of the Akkadian text corpus approximately corresponds to the size of the corpus of ancient Latin.

The Akkadian lexicon is actually accessible through two large dictionaries, W. von Sodens Akkadisches Handwörterbuch (1958–1981, 3 volumes) and The Assyrian Dictionary of the University of Chicago (1956–2010, 20 volumes). Both dictionaries present Akkadian words with their meaning in context and a large number of references. However, due to the many new texts published after the end of the Akkadisches Handwörterbuch and The Assyrian Dictionary of the University of Chicago, as well as new secondary literature and corrections, both dictionaries, especially in their earlier volumes, are outdated in part.

The Supplement to the Akkadian Dictionaries is meant to update both dictionaries. Since July 1st 2013, it is funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft as a long-term project, in connection with the Etymological Dictionary of Akkadian conducted by Manfred Krebernik (Jena) and Leonid Kogan (Moscow). All results are published on this website, and in addition printed volumes will appear successively. 

The project leader is Michael P. Streck. Collaborators are:  Nadezda Rudik (2013-2017), Elyze Zomer (2017), Janine Wende (since 2017), N. J. C. Kouwenberg (2017).

How to use the Supplement to the Akkadian Dictionaries

Content released under a CC BY-SA 3.0 license, 2007-14.

Text Corpus

Current State of Work

Supplement to the Akkadian Dictionaries:

A    B    D    E    G        I    K     L    M       P    Q    R    S        Š          U    W    Y    Z


Supplement to the Akkadian Dictionaries, Volume B, P. Harrassowitz 2018 (in press). Divergences or additions to the print version are marked yellow in the digital version (eSAD) .


Bibliographical Abbreviations